Marketing Info:

Citrus fruit production

World production of citrus fruit has experienced continuous growth in the last decades of the XX century. Total annual citrus production was estimated at over 105 million tons in the period 2000-2004. Oranges constitute the bulk of citrus fruit production, accounting for more than half of global citrus production in 2004. The rise in citrus production is mainly due to the increase in cultivation areas and the change in consumer preferences towards more health and convenience food consumption and the rising incomes. The following chart shows the evolution of world production for total citrus fruits and the different types of citrus:

World citrus fruit production 1961-2004 (in tons)

World citrus fruit production

Source: UNCTAD from FAO data

Citrus fruits are produced all around the world. According to FAO data, in 2004, 140 countries produced citrus fruits. However, most production is concentrated in certain areas. Most citrus fruits are grown in the Northern Hemisphere, accounting for around 70% of total citrus production. Main citrus fruit producing countries are Brazil, the Mediterranean countries, the United States (where citrus fruits for consumption as fresh fruit are mainly grown in California, Arizona and Texas, while most orange juice is produced in Florida) and China. These countries represent more than two thirds of global citrus fruit production.

 

Geographical distribution of fresh citrus production

Geographical distribution

Source:UNCTAD from FAO data

* Note: Proportion of average annual production data for 2000-2004

For the different types of citrus fruits, major producing countries are the following, ranked as for 2004 FAO data:

Oranges

Brazil, United States, Mexico, India, Spain, China, Iran, Italy, Egypt, Indonesia.

Small citrus

Nigeria, China, Syria, Guinea, Japan, Saudi Arabia, India, Sierra Leone, Angola, Tunisia.

Lemons and limes

Mexico, India, Iran, Spain, Argentina, Brazil, United States, China, Italy, Turkey.

Grapefruit

United States, China, South Africa, Mexico, Israel, Cuba, Argentina, India, Turkey, Tunisia.

In the Mediterranean countries, citrus fruits are produced mainly for fresh fruit consumption. Spain is the leading producing country in the area. USA and Brazil are the leading producing countries of processed citrus fruits. In United States most of the production is consumed domestically. Actually, domestic consumption of orange juice is higher than US production. However, they still play a role as fresh citrus fruits exporter although the share of these exports versus domestic production remains at a relatively low level, between 5% and 7% in the early 2000s. Between 1978/79 and 1999/00 the percentage of exports of fresh oranges over domestic production ranged from 20 to 30 percent. In Asian countries production of citrus fruits is mainly consumed domestically.

Consumption

As the following chart shows, citrus fruits are mainly consumed in developed countries, although consumption per capita is increasing in developing countries as levels of income increase. There seems to be certain stagnation of citrus fruits consumption in developed countries.

Citrus fruit per capita consumption, 1961-2002 (kg/Cap/Yr)

Citrus fruit per capita

Source: UNCTAD from FAO data

* Note: ic: industrialized countries, dc: developing countries

According to FAO, fresh orange consumption is declining in developed countries mainly due to two reasons: it is being replaced by orange juice consumption and improvements in transportation and storage favor wider and longer availability of substitute fruits. However, fresh orange consumption expanded in many developing countries, especially in emerging economies such as Mexico, India, Argentina, Brazil and China.

Orange juice

Citrus fruits processing accounts for approximately one third of total citrus fruit production. More than 80% of it is orange processing, mostly for orange juice production.

The major feature of the world market for orange juice is the geographical concentration of production. There are only two main players: the State of Florida in the United States and the State of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Production of orange juice between these two players makes up roughly 85 percent of the world market. The major difference between them is that Brazil exports 99 percent of its production while 90 percent of Florida’s production is consumed domestically and only 10 percent is exported. International trade in orange juice takes place in the form of frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ), in order to reduce the volume used, so that storage and transportation costs are lower.

The European Union is the largest importer of orange juice, accounting for over 80% of world orange juice imports. Most of imports by the EU and Japan come from Brazil. In North America, the United States and Canada consume mainly orange juice from Florida, while a small quantity of imports comes from Brazil.

The Belizean Perspective

Production

The two main citrus fruits grown in Belize in commercial quantities are orange and grapefruit. Like citrus production in the rest of the world oranges represent the larger production percentage in Belize as well. In the last Crop Year 2004-2005 (Oct-Jun), oranges accounted for 82% of the total production which is indicative of the citrus industry’s recent history as well.

Citrus production

Sales

Traditionally, orange juice, frozen concentrated (FCOJ), pasteurized (NFCOJ) and Freeze (FrCOJ), account for 75-80% of the all sales of citrus juices and citrus by-products.

product sales

The United States of America remains the largest export market for Belizean Orange Juice, accounting for 50% to 60% of the total sales, and slowly increasing in recent years. The second largest market is the Caribbean followed by the local market. With a population of around three hundred thousand, locally sold orange juice is expected to decline in years to come as the orange production per capita is expected to increase. In addition, the populace seems inclined towards the fresh fruit market which has proven to be the more economical choice. Japan could be characterized as a small niche market for Freeze Concentrated Orange Juice (FrCOJ) only, but with the emergence of eastern suppliers and a more tolerable palette, the market has all but disappeared. A striking contrast is the European Market, where for the first time in more than 5 years Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice (FCOJ) was exported, where the market has always been more inclined to Frozen Concentrated Grapefruit Juice (FCGJ).

Market Distribution

Market Distribution


Home | Our Company | Groves | Processing | Products | Marketing Info | Corporate Citizenship
Valley Manufacturing | Photo Gallery | Contact Us